For some medications, the basket of health services explicitly determines "indications" – that is, provisions that limit the insured’s right to receive the medication or the medical service to specific medical conditions. A health fund is not obligated to fund the cost of a medication for indications other than those included in the basket.
The choice between treatment alternatives which are included in the basket of health services, such as different medications, is subject to the discretion of the health fund, which may determine that an insured individual will receive the cheaper of two medications that have the same medical effect. Nevertheless, when there is an indication that a certain alternative is preferable for treating the insured’s problem, the health fund is obligated to provide the preferred alternative.
The fact that a certain service or medication is included in the basket of health services does not mean that that service or medication will be provided free of charge and without any limit. For example: physiotherapy for chronic patients may be limited to 12 treatments per year, and may require reasonable co-payment.
The basket of health services describes a minimum, and the health fund is authorized to provide additional medical services or medications determined by a committee that considers exceptional cases. The committee’s approval will apply to all patients who meet the criteria that were set. The committee must conduct an orderly proceeding, including the hearing of arguments, keeping of minutes, etc. and an insured is entitled to receive a copy of the minutes and any information on the hearing in his case.
This information was translated and adapted from content provided by The Society for Patients’ Rights in Israel.